Crypto Anarchists Are Building Tools to Resist the State in Eastern Europe
"Is this what Satoshi expected ten years ago?"
It was a question raised by activist Pavol Luptak at the opening ceremony of a new center for cipher equality in Paralelni Polis in Bratislava, Slovakia, in October.
Citing the new surveillance infrastructure, ongoing taxation and the adoption of block chains by national actors, Luptak called for a political vision to support Bitcoin at startup or a return to a political vision he called a "password renaissance."
Luptak and his colleagues, co-founder of Bratislava in the Czech Republic and Paralelni Polis in Prague, are obsessed with the question of how to use decentralized technology to move individuals out of state control.
In his eyes, bitcoin and related creep talk calls can not be distinguished from political moments such as the Cypher Punk movement, which focuses on privacy and individual freedom.
By providing a radical alternative to the banking system, this vision is distinct from the industry defined by using the Crypto currency as a speculative investment.
"We recognize decryption as a liberating tool," Luptak told CoinDesk.
And Paralelni Polis, whom Luptak calls "Free Think-Tank," aims to serve as a breeding ground for such ideas. Paralelni Polis is a phrase translated into "Parallel City". Paralelni Polis is like many cryptocurrency centers around the world.
Paralelni Polis focuses on education, meeting, collaborative work spaces and the process of secretly changing newcomers to buy coffee, for example.
However, Paralelni Polis refuses to cooperate with the government. The role of fostering projects that actively hostile countries; It is a mission to provide individuals with the tools to break their relationship with themselves.
Luptak told CoinDesk: "We use cryptographic techniques to keep our communities safe and eliminate the negative effects of political decisions by politicians and the democratic public.
"We are a small number and use encryption technology to build a parallel society with people of the same or similar spirit, so we have palace jelly polylys."
The term "parallel city" is a reference to the idea of a member organization of the political dissident activist Vaclav Benda (Constitution 77), who appeared against the socialist government of Czechoslovakia in the late 1970s.
Benda argued against protesting as a means to change the system at the same time declaration addressed to fellow activists. Instead, Benda called for the creation of parallel institutions that provide a more equitable and human alternative.
The ability of this parallel organization to survive is a measure of freedom or authoritarianism in the outside world.
"He defined the only free system as a system that could accommodate and allow parallel systems," Luptak said.
Pavlov Luptak Paralelni Polis presented at Bratislava's opening ceremony
In 2014, Luptak and others founded Paralelni Polis in Prague. We combined Benta's ideas with newly discovered decentralized technologies to foster a kind of parallel society.
"Our goal is to make the country obsolete, build, develop and develop parallel societies, and eventually, people will not let them know that there is a nation, they will not need it," Luptak told CoinDesk .
The influence Paralelni Polis has had on the surrounding area of Prague since its foundation is reality.
For example, bit coins are more readily accepted in Prague than in most European cities. The closer you get to the city, the more important it becomes.
According to Josef Jelacic, ambassador in Prague at the institute, part of the adoption was due to his role in enabling people to test calls in real time.
But talking to CoinDesk, Luptak pointed to another reason for the popularity of bitcoin, including concerns about financial regulators' snooping.
Luptak said, "We are pretty stupid as the rest of the world," he said. "There are perfect financial surveillance in the Czech Republic."
To understand why these charms can exist today is the same in the Anglo-wider European Union, which sees cash usage in the Czech Republic and Slovakia becoming increasingly discouraging.
For example, personal cash transactions of € 15,000 or more are prohibited and the company can not cash more than € 5,000. Also, like many places in the world, cash above € 10,000 can not be declared and transported across borders.
A new law called Electronic Evidence of Transaction (EET) is being implemented in the Czech Republic, and all transactions in Slovakia, including cash transactions, are digitized and "sent to the tax office immediately," Luptak said.
"The situation deteriorates or worsens in other European countries," Luptak said.
But Luptak thinks that if these systems become more and more oppressive, more people will think of password anarchy as an alternative.
Encryption-only flea market in Bratislava, Paralelni Polis
"I believe in stupid rules and stupid laws, and I strongly believe that we will have more business opportunities," Luptak said.
To this end, Luptak has a company that offers "encryption and decryption services" to individuals and companies, "how to use a full password", a company that buys or repossesses for the best tax, or relinquishes its place of residence completely.
Other projects of Paralelni Polis have similar interests.
For example, Paralelni Polis has launched a market for eterum-based Augur to drive users to expose sensitive information about local politicians. The group also uses its own block chain to store evidence of government corruption.
Luptak said, "We are giving opinions about the government even though we have boycotted the government.
At the Paralelni Polis opening ceremony in Bratislava, Luptak painted the future without government control.
Distributed autonomous organizations (DAOs) will replace traditional governance. MakerDAO stablecoin can provide an alternative for bank loans and even the legal system can be confused by decentralized alternatives such as Kleros.
In the future, the role of the politician is fully transferred, and the anarchist community can escape into the shadow economy by using anonymous Crypto calls, such as the anonymous Crypto mono, Luptak claimed.
Nevertheless, the anonymity infrastructure of cryptocurrency has a long way to go. As developer Frank Braun pointed out, he released "cryptoanarchy technology pyramid" in Bratislava.
According to Braun, the entire encryption anarchy technology stack should start with security devices. Developers can develop software that can support physical interfaces that connect the digital world with the physical world, such as anonymous messaging, digital cash, aliases, the darknet market, and unmanned aerial vehicles.
Frank Braun presents "cryptoanarchy technology pyramid" at Paralelni Polis in Bratislava.
"We want to build an economy that is not observed and does not come from scratch," Brown said.
Braun warned, "You can not make a pyramid in QuickSend," for example in closing the darknet market. If there is a weakness in the base layer of the stack, everything built on it will collapse.
"You have these layers, and when you take out the whole layer it goes away, so everything around it collapses," Braun told CoinDesk.
Braun was optimistic that a lot of academic research was going on to build a more robust and anonymous system.
And this is due to the technical basis that Luptak's encrypted anarchy is more than just a simple idea.
"For me, the code is an anarchy strategy. Some people think it's an ideology, but for me this is a strategy and a practical way," Luptak added:
"Currently Crypto-anarchy works. These password markets are effective, it's very practical."
Password as defense
According to Brown, the cryptographic anarchy is "ultimately destructive" and involves building a new space outside of society.
"You have to separate yourself from the rest to create an alternative," he told CoinDesk.
Because of this, Braun criticizes the emphasis that bitcoin supporters often focus on mainstream adoption, claiming that many new users in the industry do not share the basic political ramifications of decryption.
Braun says, "More people do not blame themselves for using it, but they lose their overall revolutionary side after being submerged.
Also, the anarchy is at a distance from the mainstream society (often in conflict with it) and participants must be able to protect themselves.
Thus, Braun explained that such a system is fundamentally a "defense technology."
"It's not aggressive," Brown said.
It is still not an easy approach for Paralelni Polis to maintain a completely conflicting relationship with the state.
Police enter Paralelni Polis, a building in Bratislava.
The official position of the institute is to deny the government as a physical institute, but it can not be completely separated from Czech and Slovakian countries.
Currently, the center is not that Bratislava is completely legitimate, but the goal is to be fully registered. Paralelni Polis itself is a nonprofit organization recognized by the government.
Luptak explained, "Because we are a nonprofit organization, we need to interact with the existing accounting system in some way."
And the struggle to be forced to work within the jurisdiction without actively boycotting the state has become so obvious at a subsequent meeting following the official opening in Bratislava.
Despite prohibiting civil servants from entering space, the police arrived and demanded that they refuse the music. And with a sigh of resignation, a barista in Paralelni Polis was forced.
"It was the first clash with the police, and we have to look forward to other things in the future," Luptak concluded.
"If you live in a physical world and have a physical place, you will always be vulnerable to its interaction with the state power."
Photos of Rachel-Rose O 'Leary for CoinDesk
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